MDGs and EFA programmes are global commitments of Pakistan for the promotion of literacy. In this article, we will focus on the serious flaws, drawbacks, and issues in the education system of Pakistan and will give the real solution to those problems as well. The enrolment rate in Sindh province is 52%, in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KPK) 54% and primary enrolment rate in Balochistan is 45%. This approach is followed by affluent and economically stable people who send their children to private schools and abroad for education. Punjab is leading province wise in net primary enrolment rate with 62% enrolment. Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio. Mehnaz Aziz et al, “Education System Reform in Pakistan: Why, When, and How?” IZA Policy Paper No. Education remains a subject which is paid least attention in the whole South Asian region. It is because of this that the quality of teaching suffers and even more so when low investments are made in teachers’ training. The faculty hiring process is historically known to be politicized. It is mandated in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and enhance adult literacy. Society’s emphasis on girl’s modesty, protection and early marriages may limit family’s willingness to send them to school. Local government system is helpful in promoting education and literacy in the country. Following the primary education from ages 5 to 9 is the 3-year Middle School (sixth to eighth grades for children ages 10 to 12), a 2-year secondary school (ninth and tenth grades culminating in "matriculation") and higher secondary or "intermediate"—eleventh and twelfth grades). 3)      Gender gap: Major factors that hinder enrolment rates of girls include poverty, cultural constraints, illiteracy of parents and parental concerns about safety and mobility of their daughters. In local government system the funds for education would be spent on a need basis by the locality. Even the Planning |Commission of Pakistan, who constitute nation’s future. The MDGs have laid down two goals for education sector: Goal 2: The goal 2 of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE) and by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. The militants targeted schools and students; several educational institutions were blown up, teachers and students were killed in Balochistan, KPK and FATA. The year 2015 is important in the context that it marks the deadline for the participants of Dakar declaration (Education For All [EFA] commitment) including Pakistan. It may not be possible for the government at the moment to implement uniform education system in the country, but a uniform curriculum can be introduced in educational institutes of the country. 2545 views. Knowledge of the personis more Concurrent Legislative List: Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centers of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education As a result teachers are not regular and their time at school is not as productive as it would be with a well-trained teacher. Besides, the problems of discipline; defective system of examination; problem of wastage and stagnation; lack of community participation; indifferent attitude of the teachers, students and parents; no opportunity for the inculcation of moral and spiritual values in students; problem of reorganization of secondary education; problem of technical teaching personnel; problem of … stream Contemporary issues such as health, housing, gender disparity, poverty, pressure groups, family, and community values affect education at local, national, and international levels. Founded in 1999, IPRI is housed at the National Security Division (NSD), Government of Pakistan. Special grants can be provided to the provinces where the literacy rate is low. Education is a must for civilization. In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females. This first digital system in the education sector in Pakistan allows transparent and effective monitoring of staff, students and school infrastructure. Within Pakistan there are many common problems within schools, this includes not having proper training facilities, small … Some accounts, including official reports, include the post-primary Middle … Problems: The issues lead to the comprehension of the problems which are faced in the development of education system and promotion of literacy. The problem arises when non-affluent families send their children to private schools, and universities. <> There are various challenges that include expertise, institutional and capacity issues, forging national cohesion, uniform standards for textbook development, and quality assurance. Currently the primary gross enrolment rate stands at 85.9% while Pakistan requires increasing it up to 100% by 2015-16 to fulfil EFA goals. The existing infrastructure is not being properly utilized in several parts of the country. Pakistan: Education for All 2015 National Review, Ministry of Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education Academy of Educational Planning and Management Islamabad, Pakistan June, 2014 (available at : http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002297/229718E.pdf). The paradox is that private schools are better but not everywhere and government schools ensure equitable access but do not provide quality education. The number of technical and vocational training institutes is not sufficient and many are deprived of infrastructure, teachers and tools for training. }� c�̣/&K��g�Ɵ�pR�)N�ߐq)كU��U8&2�/[���P^Ĺ�g'��?�����1p}y�3'�.�)���E��_1d. May 23, 2018. 2. Provinces reported the same gender disparity. Ammar Saleem No comment. As a country, Pakistan is still in its infancy, at best, and with infancy come a multitude of issues. Apart from formal education in Pakistan students are thought informally too. The schools in Baluchistan (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Population). ... have created different ways of schooling for poor and rich … In a broader definition the system also includes the institutions that are directly involved in financing, managing, operating or regulating such institutions (like government ministries and regulatory bodies, central testing organizations, textbook boards and accreditation boards). In nearly all countries, courses of the Normal School B, college, and university categories contain three main elements. During the … Overcoming the latter is difficult and would require a change in attitude of the people, until then universal primary education is difficult to achieve. Curriculum iii. While enrollment and retention rates are improving, progress has been slow to improve education indicators in Pakistan. It is aimed at eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005 and in all levels of education not later than 2015. In your interview you may be asked to create a presentation on current issues in education or asked a question around current issues in schools and in the media. The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, onsite or virtual instruction) and their faculties, students, physical infrastructure, resources and rules. The following findings highlights causes that are responsible for the current issues in female secondary education: 1. But there are various issues and problems are there in this system which are. 1) Different committees and commissions before and after independence have mentioned various aims of secondary education. Problems in Education of Pakistan. With the 18th constitutional amendment the concurrent list which comprised of 47 subjects was abolished and these subjects, including education, were transferred to federating units as a move towards provincial autonomy. This article throws light upon the top twenty-five problems of secondary education with its possible solutions. Technical education should be made a part of secondary education. The federal government is paying attention to the vocational and technical training, but it is important to make the already existing vocational and technical training centres more efficient so that skilled youth could be produced. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The problems of education in Pakistan can be traced back to the very inception of the country when the newly independent state inherited an already defined system of education. The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1) Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. It can become an asset once it is skilled. Maliha Naveed, Reasons of Low Levels of Education in Pakistan, Pakistan Herald, January 03, 2013 (available at: http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065). Pakistan has expressed its commitment to promote education and literacy in the country by education policies at domestic level and getting involved into international commitments on education. endobj There is a plethora of problems associated with the country, but perhaps one of the most important ones is the Education sector. However it seems that it will not be able to achieve these international commitments because of financial management issues and constraints to achieve the MDGs and EFA goals. Corruption in education departments is one of the factors for the poor literacy in the country. 5)      War on Terror: Pakistan’s engagement in war against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign. IPRI is one of the oldest non-partisan think-tanks on all facets of. The goal under Vision 2030 is one curriculum and one national examination system under state responsibility. 6)      Funds for Education: Pakistan spends 2.4% GDP on education. 2 0 obj <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 439.32 680.4] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Economic Survey of Pakistan confirms that during the year 2013-14 literacy remained much higher in urban areas than in rural areas and higher among males. Out of school challenges include shortage of schools, distance – especially for females, insecurity, poverty, cultural norms, parents are reluctant or parents lack awareness. Quality and Relevance iv. %���� <>>> Though 62 years have been passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for … Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b“The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period” 7. Human Development Report 2014 “Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience,” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (New York: UNDP, 2014). OŞJE�zs�wr�����v�u1a5ł'���S�I�\I$�"?>���� `R�^9Ѫ4��Z�������$_OZ�(�[��ZR�A�%X2��Hq��ɍ��7�X��S������~�I�]�䟆�v��J�3 _�[��2��rc��ϰaY���O�O���x��I�O��ܟ Poverty, law and order situation, natural disasters, budgetary constraints, lack of access, poor quality, equity, and governance have also contributed in less enrolments. By the year 2014 the enrolment statistics show an increase in the enrolment of students of the age of 3-16 year while dropout rate decreased. The first element is the study of one or more academic, cultural, or aesthetic subjects for the purpose both of continuing the student’s own education and of providing him with knowledge to use in his subsequent … Teaching practice is the most important part of teacher training programme. Governance viii. The national literacy rate of male was 71% while that of female was 48% in 2012-13. Regional disparity is also a major cause. Government of Pakistan serve a huge part of GDP on education but it is less than the required. The system includes 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. Unskilled population means more jobless people in the country, which affects the national development negatively. Therefore, technical education needs priority handling by the government. From grade 9 to five education system is called secondary school education. Main problems in education of pakistan,is lack of quality schools,syllabus,salaries of teachers are very low which does not attract the top minds in the country to join this profession Furthermore most of the poor people find it hard to survive,so their children are forced to earn a meagre earning,instead of studying.Furthermore the quality of public education is very poor,we have … The rules and regulations that guide the individual and institutional interactions within the set up are also part of the education system. Teaching practice is the practical aspect of teacher training and it is an assortment of factual and dramatic characteristics. In the year 2013 the expected average of number of years increased to 11.2 but the actual average of years of schooling of South Asian countries remained 4.7. The population of a state is one of the main elements of its national power. Similarly, to make the youth of the country an asset, attention should also be paid to vocational and technical training. Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014, Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. Moreover, social evils, far off distance, child … This aspiration for sending children for higher education is wrong, because the country does not need managers and officers only. Hence the mind-set of sending one’s children to university only for becoming officers and managers needs to be changed. Issues and problems in teacher education. There is a need for implementation of national education policy and vision 2030 education goals. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. 2)      Social constraints: It is important to realize that the problems which hinder the provision of education are not just due to issues of management by government but some of them are deeply rooted in the social and cultural orientation of the people. There are many flaws in the current education system of Pakistan that need to be resolved. However, in Pakistan, no one is serious about the issues. One of the major issues of education system is lack of proper planning. Efforts should be made to ensure that proper education is provided in those schools. Problems Of Primary Education In Pakistan And Their Solutions. “Pakistan may miss EFA goals by 2015-16: Report,” Daily Nation, October, 3, 2014. IPRI – The Islamabad Policy Research Institute. Although ministry of education Government of Pakistan has assembled a good and convenient educational system for Pakistani nation. Today a dark clouds hovers over Pakistan, where illiteracy is on the increase due to negligence of the government of Pakistan, which spends only 1% of the GDP on education for 160 million population of the country. The goal of this study is to develop awareness about the environment issues and problems, and try to find out their solution by effective planning of environmental education. You may have a question around recent education trends, current issues or new methodologies in education. Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. Financing (World Bank Study 2010) A common problem faced by many low income countries is low It exemplifies two decades of rigorous and timely analysis of crucial strategic agendas and inter-governmental processes that influence national and regional policy community. Monitoring System brings together technology and a robust accountability mechanism to address long-standing governance issues in education,” says Fazlullah Pechuho, Former Secretary Education and Literacy … Goal 3: The goal 3 of MDGs is Promoting Gender Equality and Women Empowerment. ... Education System in Pakistan Issues and Problems: Despite the introduction and implementation of around two dozen policies and plans, the education system … There is a stark disparity between male and female literacy rates. The expected average for years of schooling in 2010 was 10.6 years but the actual average of schooling remained 4.7 for all South Asian countries. Specifically the study was conducted to provide informationand knowledge of environment at the secondary level in Pakistan. For any system to work it is imperative that relevant structures are developed. (ii)                Re-introduce the technical and vocational stream in the last two years of secondary schools. Sharing success stories, making country-specific modifications and their implementation can generate positive results. Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. Education related statistics coupled with Pakistan’s progress regarding education targets set in Vision 2030 and Pakistan’s lagging behind in achieving EFA targets and its Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) for education call for an analysis of the education system of Pakistan and to look into the issues and problems it is facing so that workable solutions could be recommended. An analysis of the issues and problems suggest that: The official data shows the allocation of funds for educational projects but there is no mechanism which ensures the proper expenditure of those funds on education. The strategies charted out to achieve the goal included: (i)                  Increasing public expenditure on education and skills generation from 2.7% of GDP to 5% by 2010 and 7% by 2015. There are many flaws in the educational policies of Pakistan as compared to those countries who have concentrated on their educational systems and their literacy rates have greatly increased. (iv)              Enhance the scale and quality of education in general and the scale and quality of scientific/technical education in Pakistan in particular. Pakistan is not the only country which is facing challenges regarding promotion of literacy and meeting EFA and MDGs commitments. Legislation and structure should be framed to plan for the promotion of education in the country. There are many issues in education; some are general and are found across the globe, while others are specific to Pakistan. Since education is a provincial subject, the provincial education secretariats need to be strengthened. Secondary education in Pakistan begins in grade 9 and lasts for four years. But secondary educational institutions in practice do not try to materialise those aims. EFA Review Report October 2014 outlines that despite repeated policy commitments, primary education in Pakistan is lagging behind in achieving its target of universal primary education. Pakistan is amongst those countries which are going through many problems of education. UNDP report 2014 suggests that there has been an improvement in other elements of human development such as life expectancy, per capita income and human development index value (in past 3 years); but there has been no progress in the number of schooling years. But the down trodden condition of education in Pakistan bears an ample testimony of the fact that it is unable to defend its own sector. From 13 to 16 year formally known as university education and categorically as tertiary education level .In tertiary education level students are thought in subjects of personal interests. Inside schools there are challenges which include shortage of teachers, teacher absenteeism, missing basic facilities and lack of friendly environment. This system was weak, poorly managed and classified. Vision 2030 of Planning Commission of Pakistan looks for an academic environment which promotes the thinking mind. Office 505, 5th Floor, Evacuee Trust Complex, Sir Agha Khan Road, F-5/1, Islamabad, Pakistan, http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065, Internal security: Between pillar and post. • Our educational policy changes with the political situation. Here you will come to know about the issues and problems of education system of Pakistan which are listed below. There is a close link between education and development. There are several other jobs where people are needed. This will provide equal opportunity to the students of rural areas to compete with students of urban areas in the job market. Special policy planning units should be established in provinces’ education departments for implementation of educational policies and formulation of new policies whenever needed. ��rvv�������\�e��{���,��C��>��o�r������S~r��/�Y�ܬOn�g%��lʼ8=���^x��G'�y�w�G���8��y* �n��B��~<>�8����۟��.a��ν$e���� �L�4"�X���?N�R;L�y��t�4�]���ѿ����wr���zq���J�8��� Since majority of Pakistani population resides in rural areas and the access to education is a major problem for them, it seems feasible that a balanced approach for formal and informal education be adopted. x��[[o��~7���G�'��7^����8�۴����}�$�"KE��?3���R�)' The provincial education departments need to work out financial resources required for realising the compliance of Article 25-A. The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1)      Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. 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